Dr. Frederick Lee
Department of Geography, Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Hong Kong
Global MPP Course: Institutions and Policy Processes
Expertise: Urban Planning; Sustainable Cities; and Modern Environmentalism.
Dr. Frederick Lee earned his PhD in Urban Planning from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.  He currently directs the Water Governance Research Programme, and teaches in the Department of Geography, in the Faculty of Social Sciences at the University of Hong Kong.  When he worked as a Research Associate at the East-West Center, he consulted for the World Bank, the United Nations Development Program, the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific, and the World Resources Institute on urban environmental management issues.  He was a past Chairman of the Hong Kong Geographical Association; and he has recently served as a consultant to the Hong Kong government on its water policy.  His current research interests cover water governance in global cities; cross-border environmental cooperation in the Greater Pearl River Delta region; and built heritage conservation in Guangzhou and Shanghai.  He has published in international journals such as The China Quarterly, Journal of Contemporary China, World Development, Environmental Politics, Third World Planning Review, International Development Planning Review, and International Journal of River Basin Management.  He has co-edited Asia’s Environmental Movements: Comparative Perspectives (M.E. Sharpe) and Cultural Heritage Management in China: Preserving the Cities of the Pearl River Delta (Routledge).


  • Y.S.F. Lee (2013) "A comparative analysis of three heritage management approaches in Southern China: Guangzhou, Hong Kong, and Macau," in Asian Heritage Management: Contexts, Concerns, and Prospects, edited by Routledge, Abingdon; New York: Routledge, pp. 105-121 (co-authored with du Cros, H).
  • Y.S.F. Lee (2012) "China's Green Challenges in its Rise to Becoming a Global Power," inChina: A New Stage of Development for an Emerging Superpower, edited by Joseph Cheng, Hong Kong: City University Press (forthcoming) (co-authored with Carlos Wing-Hung Lo and Xueyong Zhan).
  • Y.S.F. Lee (2012) "Environment," in Handbook for Contemporary China, co-edited by William Tay and Alvin Y. So, Singapore: World Scientific, Chapter 8 (co-authored with Carlos Wing-hung Lo and Anna Ka-yin Lee).
  • Y.S.F. Lee (2011) "The Limits of the Project Approach to Trans-boundary Environmental Cooperation: The Case of Regional Smog in the Hong Kong-Pearl River Delta Metropolitan Region," in Cities in Evolution: Urbanization, Environmental Change, and Sustainability, co-edited by Xuemei Bai, Thomas Graedel, and Akio Morishima, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, Chapter 25 (in print).
  • Y.S.F. Lee (2010) "Strategy Misguided: The Weak Links between Urban Emission Control Measures, Vehicular Emissions, and Public Health in Guangzhou," inEnvironment and Health: Cross-Disciplinary Perspectives, edited by Jennifer Holdaway, Wang Wuyi, Ye Jingzhong, and Zhang Siqiu, Beijing: Social Sciences Academic Press (China), pp. 131-152 (co-authored with Carlos Wing-hung Lo and Anna Ka-yin Lee) (in Chinese).
  • Y.S.F. Lee (2010) "Strategy Misguided: The Weak Links between Urban Emission Control Measures, Vehicular Emissions, and Public Health in Guangzhou," Journal of Contemporary China, Vol. 19, No. 63, pp. 37-54 (co-authored with Carlos Wing-hung Lo and Anna Ka-yin Lee).
  • Y.S.F. Lee (2009) "Environmental Protection," in Changed and Unchanged: Thirty Years of Reform in China, co-edited by Law Kam-yee and Cheng Yu-shek, Chapter 14, pp. 230-255 (co-authored with Carlos Wing-hung Lo) (in Chinese).
  • Y.S.F. Lee (2007)"Same Longitude, Different Lattitudes: Institutional Change in Urban Water in China, North and South," in Environmental Governance in China, edited by Neil T. Carter and Arthur P.J. Mol, London: Routledge, Chapter 5, pp. 83-99.
  • Y.S.F. Lee (2007) "Environmental Safeguards and Breakthroughs," in The First Decade: The Hong Kong SAR in Retrospective and Introspective Perspectives, edited by Yue-man Yeung, Hong Kong: The Chinese University Press, Chapter 15, pp. 321-350 (co-authored with Cho-Nam Ng).
  • Y.S.F. Lee (2007) Cultural Heritage Management in China: Preserving the Pearl River Delta Cities, London and New York: Routledge, 150 pp (co-edited with Hilary du Crux).
  • Y.S.F. Lee (2001) "Alternative Environmental Governance Structures for the Hong Kong SAR-Pearl River Delta Region: Some Preliminary Thoughts," in Building a Competitive Pearl River Delta Region, co-edited by Anthony Gar-On Yeh, Yok-shiu F. Lee, Tunney Lee, and Sze-Nien Dak, Hong Kong: Centre of Urban Planning and Environmental Management, The University of Hong Kong.
  • Y.S.F. Lee (2001) (co-editor with Anthony Gar-On Yeh, Tunney Lee, and Sze-Nien Dak)Building a Competitive Pearl River Delta Region, Hong Kong: Centre of Urban Planning and Environmental Management, The University of Hong Kong.
  • Y.S.F. Lee (2001) "Environmental Issues Arising from Rapid Industrialization and Decentralized Urbanization in the Pearl River Delta," China Environment Report: Ecological Lessons of the Pearl River Delta, Hong Kong: Greenpeace China, pp. 23-35.
  • Y.S.F. Lee (1999) "Clear Consensus, Nebalous Commitment: Public Attitudes Toward the Environment in Hong Kong," Asian Geographer, Vol. 18, Nos. 1 & 2, pp. 135-153.
  • Y.S.F. Lee (1999) (co-edited with Alvin Y. So) Asia Environmental Movements: Comparative Perspectives, Armonk, N.Y.: M.E. Sharpe, March, 312 pp.
  • Y.S.F. Lee (1998) "Intermediary Institutions, Community Organizations, and Urban Environmental Management: The Case of Three Bangkok Slums," World Development, Vol. 26, No. 6, pp. 993-1011.
  • Y.S.F. Lee (1997) "Privatization of Soild Waste Infrastructure and Services in Asia," Third World Planning Review, Vol. 19, No. 2, pp. 139-162.
  • Y.S.F. Lee (1997) "Major Policy Issues in Urban Environmental Management in Asia," in Asia Pacific; New Geographies of the Pacific Rim, edited by Ray Watters and Terry McGee, London, Christopher Hurst of Covent Garden, Chapter 10, pp. 140-160.